Euclidean and Lorentzian Actions of the Classicalized Holographic Tensor Network

Document Type : Regular article


Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University


In three spacetime dimensions, we propose a generally covariant Lorentzian action of the classicalized holographic tensor network (cHTN) as the holographic reduction of the Einstein--Hilbert action of gravity in the presence of a negative cosmological constant.
In this article, first, we investigate the properties of this Lorentzian action in the ground state.
Next, based on the Euclidean action of the cHTN, we derive the gravity perturbation induced by a massive particle at rest in the cHTN as the Unruh effect.
Finally, we view our holographic formulation of spacetime as a non-equilibrium second law subject to general covariance.


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