Publication Ethics

Ethical standards for publication exist to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public trust in scientific findings, and that people receive credit for their ideas. It is important to avoid data fabrication and falsification, plagiarism, multiple submissions, redundant publications, and improper author contribution or attribution. Many journals have tools and processes in place to identify researchers that engage in unethical behavior. The Ithenticate software is used to check similarity of submitted papers. If any aspects of plagiarism caught, your manuscript may be rejected without review and your institution informed. This journal is following of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and complies with the highest ethical standards in accordance with ethical laws.

If authors wish to appeal a journal editor’s decision, please submit an appeal letter to the journal’s email address (, while explaining clearly the basis for an appeal.