A modified thermodynamics of rotating and charged BTZ black hole

Document Type : Regular article


1 Department of Physics, K.L.S college, Magadh University, Nawada-805110, India

2 Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Srinagar-190006, Kashmir, India


We present the thermodynamics of a charged and rotating BTZ black holes here. In particular, we derive
expressions for various macroscopic thermal quantities such as entropy, Hawking temperature,
Helmholtz free energy, internal energy, enthalpy, Gibbs free energy, and specific heat.
To study the effects of small statistical thermal fluctuations around the
equilibrium on thermodynamics, we calculated the leading-order corrections to the various
thermodynamical potentials of charged and
rotating BTZ black hole and do comparative analysis for the fixed values of charge and angular momentum.



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Volume 2, Issue 1
We would like to dedicate this issue to the memory of Prof. John D. Barrow.
January 2022
Pages 25-48
  • Receive Date: 01 October 2021
  • Revise Date: 02 November 2021
  • Accept Date: 08 January 2022